The Definition of HTML and CSS

Tech Tips + Tricks, Technology

Sagara Technology – HTML or Hypertext Markup Language and CSS or Cascading Style Sheets are the main core technologies for build Websites. HTML can be describe as the skeleton of a website, while CSS is the skin of a website and basically all visual aspects of a website. HTML and CSS are the basis of building Web pages and Web Applications.

Table of Contents

What is HTML?

HyperText is effectively a text within a text and a markup language. It is a language understood by computers, designed to essentially describe webpages and make the text you use more interactive.

HTML is the language for describing the structure of web pages to search engines. HTML gives authors the means to:

  • Publish online documents with headings, text, lists, photos, etc.
  • Retrieve online information via hypertext links, at the click of a button.
  • Design forms for conducting transactions with remote services, for use in searching for information, making reservations, ordering products, etc.
  • Include spread-sheets, video clips, sound clips, and other applications directly in their documents.

Primarily, HTML is use for creating the pillar content of a webpage, giving it structure. You start by writing words, then apply tags or elements to these words. Then the web browser can read this and understand which was the heading of a page, paragraphs, and where the page starts and finishes.

What is CSS?

CSS or known as Cascading Style Sheets is basically the skin of a website. It is a sheet-style language, which is a type of language you can use to describe the presentation of a markup language. Generally, it allows for granular control for style elements like the header, footer, navigation, and all the visual aspect of your website. Without it, websites would be plain text on white backgrounds.

CSS was invented in 1996 in order to make sense of HTML and make the webpage looks better in all design aspect.

CSS allowed several innovations to webpage layout, such as:

  • Specify fonts
  • Specify color
  • Specify size of text
  • Applying colors

There are many other coding languages out there, such as JavaScript, Backend programming language, C++.

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