Back End Web Development (or Server-Side Development) is responsible for the appropriate functioning of the website. Without back end development, the web would be a boring landscape of static landing pages.
There are several tools that can be used for back-end engineers. These tools are programming languages, frameworks, database management systems, web servers, testing & deployment tools, and various others.
1. PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor)
PHP is a server-side scripting language and is one of the most widely used programming languages for backend web development. We can validate this statement by letting you know that platforms like Wikipedia, WordPress, Facebook, and many others are relying on PHP.
Another language is Python. It is a high-level, general-purpose programming language that supports multiple programming paradigms such as Object-Oriented, Procedural, and Functional. Instagram, Spotify, Google, etc. are some of the popular platforms that are using Python in their tech stacks. Python has a very simple syntax and comes up with better code readability aspects that subsequently make it easy to learn and use. Several popular Python web frameworks that you can take into consideration are Django, Flask, etc.
Laravel is one of the most popular PHP frameworks available in the tech world. This open-source web framework follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern and provides you with numerous enriching features like a built-in command-line tool called Artisan, pre-installed Object-Oriented and Modular libraries, Eloquent ORM (Object Relational Mapping), Template Engine, and many others. The framework leverages you with various tools for particular tasks like dependency injection, unit testing, etc.
Django is a Python-based open-source web framework that allows you to do web development more efficiently and without any hassle. These follows the model-template-views (MTV) architectural pattern. The reason behind the immense popularity and demand for this particular framework is some of its noticeable features such as extensibility, rapid development, scalability, security, vast community, and many more. Businesses are using Django for various distinct web development areas such as social networking platforms, scientific computing platforms, content management systems, and various others.
MongoDB is a free and open-source document-oriented database that is very much popular among web developers. This NoSQL database uses JSON-like documents with optional schemas for storage & retrieval of data and comes up with much-needed scalability and flexibility. MongoDB provides you with numerous prominent features such as Ad-hoc queries, Indexing, Replication, Load Balancing, File Storage, Aggregation, Transactions, etc. MongoDB is compatible with various standard programming languages like C/C++, Java, PHP, Python, Ruby, and several others.
7. MySQL (My Structured Query Language)
The most popular tool is MySQL. this tool is an open-source relational database management system that is widely used for web-based applications. It is a fast and high-performance database that provides better scalability, usability, and reliability. Also, MySQL provides cross-platform compatibility, strong indexing support, SSL support for secured connections, powerful data encryption and accuracy, built-in replication support, and various other features. Meanwhile, MySQL can work on various distinct operating systems and is compatible with many popular languages like PHP, Java, etc.
Another tool is Apache (Apache HTTP Server). This is an open-source cross-platform web server that was developed by the Apache Software Foundation. There are numerous worthwhile features that come with Apache like Loadable Dynamic Modules, Multiple Request Processing modes, CGI support, User and Session tracking, Real-time status views, XML & FTP support, and many others. Also, the Apache Web Server is very much compatible with almost all operating systems such as Linux, macOS, Windows, etc.
Another tool is NGINX. NGINX is an open-source web server that is also being used for reverse proxying, load balancing, caching, mail proxying, and more. It uses an asynchronous event-driven approach to handle requests and subsequently its modular event-driven architecture provides more expected performance under high loads. Some of the enriching features of the NGINX web server are – handling static files & auto-indexing, IPv6 compatibility, URL rewriting & redirection, etc.
GitHub is many, many things. A vast library of coding knowledge. A platform for open source collaboration. GitHub is a powerful version control software. This web-based tool allows you to share and store code, contribute to open-source projects and keep track of revisions. GitHub provides a community for developers to knowledge share and collaborate. It’s web democratisation at its finest.
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